The free state of ThÃ¼ringen is located in the central part of Germany. From the northwest going clockwise, ThÃ¼ringen has borders with the states of Lower Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Sachsen, Bayern and Hessen. ThÃ¼ringen is the sixth smallest by area and the fifth smallest by population of GermanyÂ´s sixteen states. Its capital city is Erfurt.
Erfurt cathedral and Severikirche
Erfurt Town Hall
ThÃ¼ringen has been known by the nickname of Â´Â´the green heart of GermanyÂ´Â´, from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest that covers the terrain. The ridges of the western Harz Mountains divide the region from Lower Sachsen on the north-west, while the eastern Harz similarly separates ThÃ¼ringen from the state of Sachsen-Anhalt to the north-east. To the south and southwest, the ThÃ¼ringen Forest effectively separates the ancient region of Franconia, now the northern part of Bavaria, from the rolling plains of most of ThÃ¼ringen. The central Harz range extends southwards along the western side into the northwest corner of the ThÃ¼ringen Forest region, Making ThÃ¼ringen a lowland basin of rolling plains nearly surrounded by ancient somewhat-difficult mountains. To the west across the mountains and south is the drainage basin on the Rhine River.
ThÃ¼ringen forest north of Schweinfurt
After the capital city of Erfurt, important urban districts are Eisenach, Gera, Jena, Suhl and Weimar.
Eisenach Nikolai Chuch, Luther House
Gera, view from above and Town hall
Suhl from above
Grand-Ducal Palace Weimar, Goethe Schiller monument Weimar
Belvedere Castle Weimar
Bibra Castle, Ehrenburg CastleÂ
Goethe National Museum Weimar
The WidowÂ´s Palace
Wieland Estate in Ossmannstedt
Buchenwald concentration camp entrance
Theater Gera and Altenburg
Theater interior Altenburg
TFF Rudolstadt Roots Folk World Music Festival
Rinderrouladen, ThÃ¼ringer KlÃ¶ÃŸe, Blechkuchen
Carl Zeiss AG. Jena 1910
Saxony and ThÃ¼ringen are the strongest eastern German federal states. The regional GDP in 2008 was â‚¬49.8b. Between 1995 and 2006, the ThÃ¼ringen GDP/inhabitant evolved from â‚¬14,502.6 to â‚¬19,782.1.
Friedenstein Palace in Gotha